Composting Food Waste Growing Soil from Scraps

Composting. It ain’t rocket science – but it sure is helpful. And it’s become increasingly popular over the past few years as a way to not only help our planet, but also reduce waste and save money on stuff like fertilizer. In short, composting is taking organic materials – usually leftovers from food and other natural sources – breaking it down, and turning it into fertilizer. It’s a simple process, but the benefits are huge.

So what’s this got to do with food waste? Well, when you think of composting you usually think of vegetable trimmings and other natural sources – but did you know that food waste can actually be composted too? Yep, that’s right – it’s an easy and efficient way to reduce how much of your food gets tossed in the garbage or put down the drain. So in this article, we’ll talk about why it’s important to compost food waste, how to get started, and how to turn scraps into soil.

Ready to learn a bit more about this earth-friendly habit? Let’s dive in!

What is Food Waste?

Sometimes, it feels like we’re throwing our food and money away – literally. Whether you realize it or not, food waste is a huge issue that is costing us, both in terms of finances and environmental impact. To put things into perspective, around 40% of what is produced in the U.S. gets tossed out.

So, what is food waste? In short, it’s food that is not eaten and ends up going in the garbage can. This includes everything from fresh fruits to leftovers to unused portions from grocery stores, restaurants and households. It can be anything from produce that has gone bad to leftovers that didn’t get used, to excess food from a catered event.

A close-up of a compost pile, with vegetable scraps and soil visible.

Food waste doesn’t just come from our own homes, either. Retailers often toss out perfectly edible food simply because it doesn’t meet aesthetic standards, or because it’s past its expiration date, even though the food may actually still be good. Restaurants, cafeterias and catering services also contribute to massive amounts of food waste.

The issue has become so big that the United Nations created an entire initiative to tackle the global crisis, calling it the Global Goal 12: Responsible Consumption and Production. The goal? To reduce food loss and waste by 50% by 2030.

Composting Food Waste

So, you’re keen on getting into composting? We’re not surprised! It’s a fantastic way to reduce your carbon footprint while also creating nutrient-rich soil. And it doesn’t have to be difficult either – food waste composting is actually a pretty simple process. All you need to do is follow a few basic rules and you’ll be well on your way.

First off, you’ll want to start by collecting all the organic waste your family generates. That means: vegetable scraps, fruit skins, coffee grounds, eggshells, etc. Don’t forget to collect meat and dairy products too, although these should be added sparingly as they can attract pests or scavengers. Once you’ve got everything assembled, you can start adding it to your compost pile.

When it comes to composting food waste, there are a few Dos and Don’ts that you should keep in mind. For starters, always make sure that your compost pile has the right ratio of “green” (high nitrogen) and “brown” (high carbon) materials. Additionally, never add chemically treated wood, paper towels, waxed cardboard, pet waste, or dairy products to your pile. These items won’t decompose properly, and could end up polluting your soil.

It’s also important to regularly turn over and mix your compost pile to ensure things break down evenly. This should be done about once a week for best results. Finally, if you’re composting indoors, try to minimize odors by frequently stirring the pile, and making sure the contents stay moist but not soggy. With a little bit of patience and some TLC, you’ll have a wonderfully rich compost in no time at all!

Turning Scraps into Soil

Ever wanted to turn your kitchen scraps and vegetable peels into a healthy garden? You’re in luck! Turns out, composting’s not just an earth-friendly contribution – it’s also super easy. All you gotta do is gather ’em up, throw ’em into your bin, mix it up with some dirt, and voila! Magic soil.

First things first – you need a compost bin. If you’re tight on cash, don’t worry; you can make your own. All you need is four pieces of wood, some nails and a bit of elbow grease. Once you’ve got this squared away, you can start adding stuff – peelings, old leaves, bread crusts, coffee grounds… the list goes on. Just remember to keep your compost covered so critters don’t come along to pinch your stuff.

Next, you want to give your pile some welly. That means mixing it all in with a handful of soil and water every now and again. After that, you just let nature take its course. Over the coming weeks and months, your once useless scraps will slowly break down and transform into nutrient-rich black gold!

Before you know it, you’ll have yourself a heap of magical soil, ready to be added to your garden beds or sprinkled over potted plants. Composting isn’t only beneficial for the environment, but it’s good for your budget too!


Composting food waste is a great way to reduce the amount of waste going into landfills, whilst creating nutrient-rich soil for gardening and other projects. It’s important to be aware that composting can take a few months to fully complete, so having patience is key!

Overall, there are some great benefits to composting food waste — starting your own compost pile or joining a community composting program is a great way to help the planet and decrease a carbon footprint. Composting isn’t just good for the environment, but it can also produce some beautiful, nutritious soil that’s perfect for any project or garden.

Q&A About Recycling Food Waste

What happens to food scraps in compost?

When I talk about food scraps in compost, I’m talking about the real deal—breaking down organic waste like peels, rinds, and limp vegetables and turning them into soil-nourishing goodness. And, I’m gonna tell you, it’s pretty miraculous.

First off, it’s important to understand that composting happens when microbes, like bacteria and fungi, break down organic matter. Without getting too technical here, they produce enzymes and acid that help change the raw materials into something far more useful: nutrient-rich soil.

Not only does composting reduce the amount of trash in landfills, it also generates humus—a type of soil essential for healthy plant growth. In other words, composting food waste is like a superfood for plants!

The process isn’t particularly complicated to get started with, either. All you need is a space for composting, a few simple tools (like a shovel and a rake) and some patience. Once you have your compost bin or pile established, you can begin collecting your food scraps and adding them to your compost.

It’s important to keep in mind, though, that successful composting relies on proper oxygen and moisture levels to work efficiently. And, it helps to turn the compost occasionally, to help the organic matter break down and those key microbes to do their thing.

So, there you have it. With a bit of TLC, food scraps can make a really valuable contribution to your garden—literally! So, why not give it a try and see what you can turn your food waste into.

Does compost need to be turned into the soil?

Sure does! Turning your compost into the soil is an essential step in the composting process. It’s how you use the finished compost in your garden – by mixing it into the soil to add nutrients. Compost adds valuable organic matter to the soil, which helps it hold onto moisture and makes it easier for plant roots to grow. Plus, turning compost into the soil adds beneficial microbes and other organisms that help protect plants from pests and disease.

For best results, turn your compost into the soil in the early spring when plants are beginning to grow. You can use a garden fork or spade to turn the compost into the top few inches of soil. Doing this regularly helps keep your soil healthy and fertile and can help you produce bigger yields of fruits and veggies.

Lastly, don’t forget to mix compost into bare spots in your garden, too. It’ll help protect the soil from erosion, keep weeds at bay and help you grow more healthy, robust plants. So if you’re serious about turning your kitchen scraps into something useful, grab a spade and start turning that compost into the soil!

How long does it take for vegetable scraps to decompose in soil?

It depends on the type of vegetable scraps you’re composting. Most soft, non-woody vegetable scraps can decompose in soil in as little as 2-4 weeks, though it can sometimes take up to 2 months. Harder scraps, like potato or carrot peels, can take longer to decompose and may take closer to 4-6 weeks. Overall, the temperature, amount of moisture, and the presence of enzymes from other composting materials can all play a role in the rate of decomposition.

For the quickest decomposition, I’d recommend looking for composting techniques that focus on aeration, like using a compost activator, trench composting, or covered compost piles. These methods introduce plenty of oxygen to the compost pile, which can significantly speed up the decomposition process. Also make sure to turn your compost pile regularly, as this helps to provide air pockets and breaking up any large chunks of vegetables. If your pile starts to smell bad rather than earthy, that’s a sign that it’s not getting enough air.